Evidence-based practice looks at clinical expertise, research evidence, and patients’ needs and values.
- Clinical Expertise is the provider’s judgment about what works best in similar patients or in similar situations.
- Health is complex and there isn’t high-quality research on every topic.
- Through years of practice, healthcare providers develop clinical expertise that guides patient care decisions.
- This clinical judgment is essential for applying evidence-based practice.
Best Scientific Evidence
- The best scientific evidence is the results of the best available scientific studies. It is used to find out which treatments, diagnostic methods, or ways of predicting a patient outcome work best.
- Scientists carefully design studies to measure how well things such as treatment and diagnostic tests work.
- Scientific evidence can provide a higher-level view than expert opinions or objective data to help inform healthcare decisions, and is one of the important pieces of evidence-based practice.
Patient’s Needs and Values
- Patients’ or clients’ needs and values are what is important for the patient or client and what healthcare options best match those values.
- There are many conditions where patient needs and preferences are important factors in choosing the right treatment or screening option.
- Cost of care, quality of life, and personal beliefs are all important considerations.
- Patients should be partners in their care and help decide what type of healthcare is best for them.
- Evidence-based practice recognizes that patient values are essential in determining care.